Research at the Bannasch Laboratory School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California Davis
Canine Addison's Disease - "Canine Addison's is an endocrine system disorder that occurs when the adrenal glands fail to produce enough hormones for normal function. Dogs have been diagnosed as early as 7 weeks of age and as old as 11 years."
Canine Cleft Palate - "Common birth defects characterized by the failure of the roof of the mouth and/or lip to fuse during development."
Research at the University of Missouri, College of Veterinary Medicine
Degenerative Encephalopathy (DE) - further information. "The term encephalopathy comes from the Greek words encephalo-(the brain) and -pathy (disease) and simply refers to a disorder of the brain. In this encephalopathy there is degeneration of a region in the brain called the caudate nucleus. The caudate nucleus is a part of the brain that is important in controlling movement and some aspects of behavior. In DE, this portion of the brain undergoes necrosis or complete destruction of the area. One of the manifestations of caudate necrosis is a very unusual change where the dogs vigorously act out their dreams, and are difficult to awaken. Hence the name Degenerative Encephalopathy with Sleep Disorders and Caudate Necrosis."